CACH SU DUNG would rather VA would prefer

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CACH SU DUNG would rather VA would prefer

Post  chantroitinhoc on Mon Mar 03, 2008 4:48 am

CCH SỬ DỤNG WOULD RATHER V WOULD PREFER
Would rather and would prefer: c nghĩa l thch .. hơn ()

I. Khi ta dng would rather th động từ theo sau phải l động từ nguyn mẫu khng to (bare infinitive):

1. Affirmative:

S + would rather + V(bare inf) + O.
Ex:
I would rather study English.
Id rather go to church than play football.

2. Negative:
S + would rather + not + V(bare inf) + O.
Ex:
He would rather not study English.
Shed rather not play video games than dance.

3. Interrogative:
Would + S + rather + V(bare inf) + O?
Ex:
Would you rather study German or Chinese?
Would you take auto repair or carpentry?

II. Khi ta dng would prefer ta chia ra hai tnh huống. Tnh huống thứ nhất nếu trong cu chỉ c một sự kiện hoặc một hnh động th động từ chnh theo sau would prefer phải l động từ nguyn mẫu c to. Tnh huống thứ hai nếu trong cu c hai sự kiện hoặc hai hnh động th động từ chnh theo sau would prefer phải l V-ing (gerund).
1. Affirmative:

S + would prefer + to + V(bare inf) + O.
Ex:
I would prefer to study English.
Hed prefer to play internet game.

S + would prefer + V-ing + O + to + V-ing + O.
Ex:
She would prefer learning English to watching TV.
Id prefer playing football to (playing) volleyball.

2. Negative:
S + would prefer + not + to + V(bare inf) + O.
Ex:
I would prefer not to go out without aim.
Hed prefer not to spend a lot of money.

S + would prefer + not + V-ing + O + to + V-ing + O.
Ex:
She would prefer not cooking dinner to watching TV.
Id prefer not reading story book to (reading) English newspaper.

3. Interrogative:
Would (Do/Does) + S + prefer + to + V(bare inf) + O + or + O?
Ex:
Would you prefer to take a video or a photography class?
Do you prefer to study in the day or at night?

Would (Do/ Does) + S + prefer + V-ing + O + to + V-ing + O?
Ex:
Would you prefer playing chess to watching TV?


Exercise:
Complete these conversations with appropriate forms of the verbs in parentheses. Then practice with a partner.
A: Would you rather ..a course in literature or science? (take)
B: Id prefer for a science course because its more useful for me. (register)

A: Would you rather .English in Australia or Canada? (learn)
B: I think Id prefer ..in Australia because its warmer there. (study)

A: If you needed to learn a new job skill, would you prefer .a class or .a private tutor? (attend / have)
B: Id rather ..for a class than ..a tutor. Private tutors are too expensive! (sign up / hire)

A: Would you rather ..a choir or an orchestra? (join)
B: Id prefer ..in a choir to in an orchestra. (sing / play)

A: Would prefer .a craft or ..a new sport? (learn / attempt)
B: To tell you the truth, Id rather not ..either. Id prefer TV. (do / watch)

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